In Praise of Idleness By Bertrand Russell
正如和我同时代的大多数人一样，我是在这样的谚语中长大的：“游手好闲，魔鬼也嫌。” Like most of my generation, I was brought up on the saying: ‘Satan finds some mischief for idle hands to do.’
Being a highly virtuous child, I believed all that I was told, and acquired a conscience which has kept me working hard down to the present moment.
But although my conscience has controlled my actions, my opinions have undergone a revolution.
I think that there is far too much work done in the world, that immense harm is caused by the belief that work is virtuous, and that what needs to be preached in modern industrial countries is quite different from what always has been preached. 大家都知道这个故事：到那不勒斯的游人看到十二个叫花子躺着晒太阳（事情发生在墨索里尼时代之前），要给其中最懒的一个一里拉，有十一个跳起来说自己最懒，该给自己，他却把钱给了第十二个。
Everyone knows the story of the traveler in Naples who saw twelve beggars lying in the sun (it was before the days of Mussolini), and offered a lira to the laziest of them. Eleven of them jumped up to claim it, so he gave it to the twelfth.
this traveler was on the right lines. But in countries which do not enjoy Mediterranean sunshine idleness is more difficult, and a great public propaganda will be required to inaugurate it.
I hope that, after reading the following pages, the leaders of the YMCA will start a campaign to induce good young men to do nothing. If so, I shall not have lived in vain.
Before advancing my own arguments for laziness, I must dispose of one which I cannot accept. Whenever a person who already has enough to live on proposes to engage in some everyday kind of job, such as school-teaching or typing, he or she is told that such conduct takes the bread out of other people’s mouths, and is therefore wicked. 如果这种说法不错，那我们大家就都只须闲呆着，我们的嘴里就能塞满面包了。
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